Indicators of Kidney Fibrosis in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes and Chronic Kidney Disease Treated With Dulaglutide.

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American journal of nephrology


washington; spokane; prmc


INTRODUCTION: In the AWARD-7 study in patients with type 2 diabetes and moderate-to-severe chronic kidney disease, once-weekly dulaglutide slowed the decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and decreased the urine albumin/creatinine ratio compared to insulin glargine at the end of 52 weeks of treatment. In this exploratory post hoc analysis, changes in two fibrosis biomarkers, serum PRO-C6 (type VI collagen formation) and urine C3M (type III collagen degradation) were evaluated.

METHODS: In the groups treated with dulaglutide 1.5 mg or insulin glargine (N=330), serum PRO-C6 and urine C3M were measured using competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Biomarker changes were assessed by a mixed-effects model for repeated measures. Pearson correlation analyses were conducted to determine associations between changes in kidney fibrosis biomarkers and eGFR measures at 52 weeks.

RESULTS: At weeks 26 and 52 of treatment in the overall population, serum PRO-C6 levels were significantly lower in the dulaglutide group versus insulin glargine group with percent change from baseline of (least squares mean ± standard error) -4.6% ± 1.9 and -0.2% ± 2.2 versus 5.7% ± 2.0 and 8.0% ± 2.3 (p

CONCLUSION: Dulaglutide treatment was associated with biomarker changes that indicated lower type VI collagen formation and higher type III collagen degradation compared to treatment with insulin glargine, suggesting a potential drug effect to reduce kidney fibrosis.

Clinical Institute

Kidney & Diabetes