A Phase II Study Investigating Cabozantinib in Patients with Refractory Metastatic Colorectal Cancer (AGICC 17CRC01).

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Publication Date


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Cancer Res Commun


washington; swedish; swedish cancer


PURPOSE: Multi-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) have shown clinical activity in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. Cabozantinib, a multi-TKI, exhibited potent antitumor activity superior to regorafenib in preclinical colorectal cancer patient-derived tumor xenograft models. This phase II study aimed to investigate cabozantinib, a multi-TKI, in patients with refractory, metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC).

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: A nonrandomized, two-stage, phase II clinical trial evaluating 12-week progression-free survival (PFS) was conducted in eight cancer centers across the United States between May 2018 and July 2020.

RESULTS: A total of 44 patients were enrolled between May 2018 and May 2019, 40 of which were response evaluable. Of the total 769 reported adverse events (AE), 93 (12%) were ≥ grade 3. Five grade 5 AEs were reported of which four were unrelated to study drug and one was reported as possibly related due to bowel perforation. Eighteen patients (45%) achieved 12-week PFS with stable disease or better (confidence interval, 0.29-0.62;

CONCLUSIONS: This phase II study demonstrated clinical activity of cabozantinib in heavily pretreated, patients with refractory mCRC, and supports further investigation.

SIGNIFICANCE: Targeting angiogenesis through VEGF axis blockade provides incremental survival benefit in patients with mCRC. The hepatocyte growth factor/MET signal transduction pathway has been observed as a mechanism for acquired resistance. Dual inhibition of VEGF plus MET is an attractive therapeutic strategy. This phase II trial demonstrated clinical activity with cabozantinib, a multi-TKI targeting VEGFR2 and MET, in patients with refractory, mCRC.

Clinical Institute


Clinical Institute

Digestive Health