Pirtobrutinib in Covalent BTK-Inhibitor Pre-treated Mantle Cell Lymphoma.

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Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology


washington; swedish cancer


PURPOSE: Pirtobrutinib is a highly selective, non-covalent (reversible) Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitor (BTKi). We report the safety and efficacy of pirtobrutinib in patients with covalent (c) BTKi pre-treated mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), a population with poor prognosis.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with cBTKi pre-treated relapsed/refractory MCL received pirtobrutinib monotherapy in a multicenter phase 1/2 trial (BRUIN, NCT03740529). Efficacy was assessed in the first 90 consecutively enrolled patients who met criteria for inclusion in the primary efficacy cohort. The primary endpoint was overall response rate (ORR). Secondary endpoints included duration of response (DOR) and safety.

RESULTS: Median patient age was 70 years (range, 46-87), median prior lines of therapy 3 (range, 1-8), 82.2% had discontinued a prior cBTKi due to disease progression, and 77.8% had intermediate or high risk sMIPI score. The ORR was 57.8% (95% CI, 46.9-68.1), including 20.0% complete responses (n=18). At a median follow-up of 12 months, the median DOR was 21.6 months (95% CI, 7.5-not reached). The 6- and 12-month estimated DOR rates were 73.6% and 57.1%, respectively. In the MCL safety cohort (n=164), the most common treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAE) were fatigue (29.9%), diarrhea (21.3%), and dyspnea (16.5%). Grade ≥3 TEAE of hemorrhage (3.7%) and atrial fibrillation/flutter (1.2%) were less common. Only 3% of patients discontinued pirtobrutinib due to a treatment-related AE.

CONCLUSION: Pirtobrutinib is a first-in-class novel non-covalent (reversible) BTKi, and the first BTKi of any kind to demonstrate durable efficacy following prior cBTKi therapy in heavily pre-treated relapsed/refractory MCL. Pirtobrutinib was well tolerated with low rates of treatment discontinuation due to toxicity.

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