Registry Data Show Complication Rates and Cost in Revision Hip Arthroplasty.

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

The Journal of arthroplasty


oregon; portland


BACKGROUND: Revision total hip arthroplaty (rTHA) places a burden on patients, surgeons, and health care systems because outcomes and costs are less predictable than primary THA. The purpose of this study was to define indications and treatments for rTHA, quantify risk for readmissions, and evaluate the economic impacts of rTHA in a hospital system.

METHODS: The arthroplasty database of a hospital system was queried to generate a retrospective cohort of 793 rTHA procedures, performed on 518 patients, from 2017 to 2019 at 27 hospitals. Surgeons performed chart reviews to classify indication and revision procedure. Demographics, lengths of stay, discharge dispositions, and readmission data were collected. Analyses of direct costs were performed and categorized by revision type.

RESULTS: Totally, 46.3% of patients presented for infection. Patients presenting for infection were 5.6 times more likely to have repeat rTHA than aseptic patients. Septic cases (4.3 days) had longer length of stay than aseptic ones (2.4) (P < .0001). However, 31% of patients discharged to a skilled nursing facility. Direct costs were greatest for a two-stage exchange ($37,642) and lowest for liner revision ($8,979). Septic revisions ($17,696) cost more than aseptic revisions ($11,204) (P < .0001). The 90-day readmission rate was 21.8%. Septic revisions had more readmissions (13.5%) than aseptic revisions (8.3%).

CONCLUSIONS: Hip revisions, especially for infection, have an increased risk profile and create a major economic impact on hospital systems. Surgeons may use these data to counsel patients on risks of rTHA and advocate for improved reimbursement for the care of revision patients.

Clinical Institute

Orthopedics & Sports Medicine