Cementless Metal-Free Ceramic-Coated Shoulder Resurfacing.

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

J Pers Med


washington; swedish; arthroplasty; cementless resurfacing; ceramic-coated implant; shoulder resurfacing


Shoulder resurfacing is a versatile, bone-conserving procedure to treat arthritis, avascular necrosis, and rotator cuff arthropathy. Shoulder resurfacing is of interest to young patients who are concerned about implant survivorship and those in need of a high level of physical activity. Using a ceramic surface reduces wear and metal sensitivity to clinically unimportant levels. Between 1989 and 2018, 586 patients received cementless, ceramic-coated shoulder resurfacing implants for arthritis, avascular necrosis, or rotator cuff arthropathy. They were followed for a mean of 11 years and were assessed using the Simple Shoulder Test (SST) and Patient Acceptable Symptom State (PASS). CT scans were used in 51 hemiarthroplasty patients to assess the glenoid cartilage wear. Seventy-five patients had a stemmed or stemless implant in the contralateral extremity. A total of 94% of patients had excellent or good clinical results and 92% achieved PASS. 6% of patients required a revision. A total of 86% of patients preferred their shoulder resurfacing prosthesis over a stemmed or stemless shoulder replacement. The glenoid cartilage wear at a mean of 10 years was 0.6 mm by a CT scan. There were no instances of implant sensitivity. Only one implant was removed due to a deep infection. Shoulder resurfacing is an exacting procedure. It is clinically successful, with excellent long-term survivorship in young and active patients. The ceramic surface has no metal sensitivity, very low wear, and, therefore, it is successful as a hemiarthroplasty.

Clinical Institute

Orthopedics & Sports Medicine