Abatacept, Cenicriviroc, or Infliximab for Treatment of Adults Hospitalized With COVID-19 Pneumonia: A Randomized Clinical Trial.
JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association
washington; spokane; covid-19; 2019-nCoV
IMPORTANCE: Immune dysregulation contributes to poorer outcomes in COVID-19.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether abatacept, cenicriviroc, or infliximab provides benefit when added to standard care for COVID-19 pneumonia.
DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled clinical trial using a master protocol to investigate immunomodulators added to standard care for treatment of participants hospitalized with COVID-19 pneumonia. The results of 3 substudies are reported from 95 hospitals at 85 clinical research sites in the US and Latin America. Hospitalized patients 18 years or older with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection within 14 days and evidence of pulmonary involvement underwent randomization between October 2020 and December 2021.
INTERVENTIONS: Single infusion of abatacept (10 mg/kg; maximum dose, 1000 mg) or infliximab (5 mg/kg) or a 28-day oral course of cenicriviroc (300-mg loading dose followed by 150 mg twice per day).
MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: The primary outcome was time to recovery by day 28 evaluated using an 8-point ordinal scale (higher scores indicate better health). Recovery was defined as the first day the participant scored at least 6 on the ordinal scale.
RESULTS: Of the 1971 participants randomized across the 3 substudies, the mean (SD) age was 54.8 (14.6) years and 1218 (61.8%) were men. The primary end point of time to recovery from COVID-19 pneumonia was not significantly different for abatacept (recovery rate ratio [RRR], 1.12 [95% CI, 0.98-1.28]; P = .09), cenicriviroc (RRR, 1.01 [95% CI, 0.86-1.18]; P = .94), or infliximab (RRR, 1.12 [95% CI, 0.99-1.28]; P = .08) compared with placebo. All-cause 28-day mortality was 11.0% for abatacept vs 15.1% for placebo (odds ratio [OR], 0.62 [95% CI, 0.41-0.94]), 13.8% for cenicriviroc vs 11.9% for placebo (OR, 1.18 [95% CI 0.72-1.94]), and 10.1% for infliximab vs 14.5% for placebo (OR, 0.59 [95% CI, 0.39-0.90]). Safety outcomes were comparable between active treatment and placebo, including secondary infections, in all 3 substudies.
CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Time to recovery from COVID-19 pneumonia among hospitalized participants was not significantly different for abatacept, cenicriviroc, or infliximab vs placebo.
TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04593940.
O'Halloran, Jane A; Ko, Emily R; Anstrom, Kevin J; Kedar, Eyal; McCarthy, Matthew W; Panettieri, Reynold A; Maillo, Martin; Nunez, Patricia Segura; Lachiewicz, Anne M; Gonzalez, Cynthia; Smith, P Brian; de Tai, Sabina Mendivil-Tuchia; Khan, Akram; Lora, Alfredo J Mena; Salathe, Matthias; Capo, Gerardo; Gonzalez, Daniel Rodríguez; Patterson, Thomas F; Palma, Christopher; Ariza, Horacio; Lima, Maria Patelli; Blamoun, John; Nannini, Esteban C; Sprinz, Eduardo; Mykietiuk, Analia; Alicic, Radica; Rauseo, Adriana M; Wolfe, Cameron R; Witting, Britta; Wang, Jennifer P; Parra-Rodriguez, Luis; Der, Tatyana; Willsey, Kate; Wen, Jun; Silverstein, Adam; O'Brien, Sean M; Al-Khalidi, Hussein R; Maldonado, Michael A; Melsheimer, Richard; Ferguson, William G; McNulty, Steven E; Zakroysky, Pearl; Halabi, Susan; Benjamin, Daniel K; Butler, Sandra; Atkinson, Jane C; Adam, Stacey J; Chang, Soju; LaVange, Lisa; Proschan, Michael; Bozzette, Samuel A; Powderly, William G; and Group Members, ACTIV-1 IM Study, "Abatacept, Cenicriviroc, or Infliximab for Treatment of Adults Hospitalized With COVID-19 Pneumonia: A Randomized Clinical Trial." (2023). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 7648.