Objective Performance Goals Based on a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Clinical Outcomes for Bare-Metal Stents and Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty for Hemodialysis-Related Central Venous Obstruction.
Journal of vascular and interventional radiology : JVIR
california; sjo; orange
PURPOSE: To use safety and efficacy outcomes following treatment with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) and/or stent placement for thoracic central venous obstruction in hemodialysis-dependent patients to establish objective performance goals (OPGs).
METHODS: A systematic literature review and meta-analysis were conducted for articles published between January 1, 2000, and August 31, 2021. Efficacy outcomes included primary patency rates at 6 and 12 months, and safety outcomes included adverse events (AEs) categorized as access loss, procedure-related AEs, and serious AEs (SAEs). OPGs were derived from the upper and lower bounds of the 95% confidence intervals for primary patency and SAE rates.
RESULTS: Of 66 articles reviewed, 17 met the inclusion criteria (PTA, n = 4; stent placement, n = 5; PTA/stent, n = 8). The 6- and 12-month primary patency rates for PTA were 50.9% and 36.7%, respectively. Based on these findings, the proposed 6- and 12-month primary patency OPGs identifying superiority against PTA were 66.5% and 52.6%, respectively, and those for noninferiority were 39.0% and 25.7%, respectively. For stent placement, the 6- and 12-month primary patency rates were 69.7% and 47.9%, respectively. The proposed 6- and 12-month primary patency OPGs identifying superiority were 82.1% and 64.1%, respectively, and those for noninferiority were 59.3% and 35.8%, respectively. SAE rates for PTA and stent placement were 3.8% and 8.1%, respectively. Proposed safety OPGs for noninferiority versus superiority for PTA and stent placement were 10.1% versus 1.4% and 13.6% versus 4.8%, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: The OPGs derived from real-world studies of PTA and stent placement may serve as a benchmark for future interventions indicated for this patient population.
Razavi, Mahmood K; Rajan, Dheeraj K; Nordhausen, Craig T; Bounsanga, Jerry; and Holden, Andrew, "Objective Performance Goals Based on a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Clinical Outcomes for Bare-Metal Stents and Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty for Hemodialysis-Related Central Venous Obstruction." (2023). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 7728.