Abstract 6410: Deciphering the role of MyD88 signaling pathway in regulating type I IFN-mediated responses to radiation therapy in solid tumors
The balance of innate signaling through adaptor proteins such as MyD88 and TRIF is critical in directing the pattern of inflammatory responses following exposure to endogenous adjuvants. While innate stimuli can cause inflammation that supports adaptive immunity, cancer myeloid cells can be pre-polarized such that the same inflammatory signals cause myeloid cells to suppress adaptive immune responses. We aim to investigate the signals regulating type I IFN secretion by innate immune cells in tumors in order to improve type I IFN secretion, activation of innate immune cells, direct macrophage polarization and improve CD8+ T cell mediated anti-tumor immunity. To better understand the role of MyD88-mediated signaling in driving response to innate adjuvants released following RT in solid tumors, we developed MyD88 conditional knockout mouse models. MyD88 was deleted specifically in CD11c expressing dendritic cells (DC), Lck expressing T cells, or Lyz2 expressing myeloid cells that include macrophages, monocytes and granulocytes. Mice bearing pancreatic tumors (Panc02-SIY or PK5L1940) were randomized to no treatment or 16 Gy CT-guided RT and followed for treatment responses. Lyz2-Cre/MyD88fl/fl mice demonstrated improved responses to RT in pancreatic tumors as compared to control MyD88fl/fl mice, or Lck-Cre mice. The improved responses in Lyz2-Cre/MyD88fl/fl mice were shown to be dependent on CD8+ T cells as well as on type I IFN signaling. To analyze mechanisms of response, tumors were digested into a single cell suspension and CD45+ cells were isolated for single cell sequencing three days post-RT. Lyz2-Cre/MyD88fl/fl mice showed diminished Th1 and Th2-type T cells and had a higher M1/TAM ratio compared to MyD88fl/fl mice. Loss of MyD88 in myeloid cells resulted in increased activation of IFN-dependent transcriptional responses in multiple immune cell populations in the tumor. To model responses ex vivo, bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) were activated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or a synthetic cyclic dinucleotide (CDA) for analysis of cytokine secretion in either monolayer or 3D spheroid culture conditions. BMDM derived from Lyz2-Cre/MyD88fl/fl cultured as a monolayer showed significantly altered secretion of TNF-α, IL-10 and IL-6 on activation with LPS as compared to controls. Preliminary data obtained from 3D spheroid culture systems demonstrated that 3D interactions between cancer cells and macrophages resulted in a significant increase in BMDM co-stimulatory phenotype following activation with innate stimuli compared to 2D cultures. These data suggest that conventional innate signaling through MyD88 in myeloid populations suppresses IFN production and adaptive immune control of irradiated tumors. 3D cultures are an effective tool to study cellular interactions ex vivo and screen novel interventions prior to in vivo translation.
Earle A. Chiles Research Institute
Kaur, Aanchal Preet; Medler, Terry R.; Blair, Tiffany C.; Alice, Alejandro F.; Ball, Megan R.; Dowdell, Alexa K; Piening, Brian D.; Crittenden, Marka R; and Gough, Michael J., "Abstract 6410: Deciphering the role of MyD88 signaling pathway in regulating type I IFN-mediated responses to radiation therapy in solid tumors" (2023). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 7740.