Abstract CT133: Trial in progress: a multicenter phase 1/1b dose escalation study of WTX-124 as a monotherapy and in combination with pembrolizumab in patients with selected advanced or metastatic solid tumors

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Cancer Research


oregon; chiles


Background: High-dose recombinant human IL-2 (HD IL-2) is an FDA-approved therapy that produces durable complete remissions in a subset of patients with advanced or metastatic cutaneous melanoma and renal cell carcinoma. However, the clinical benefit of HD IL-2 is counterbalanced by life-threatening toxicities such as capillary leak syndrome. WTX-124 is an engineered cytokine prodrug composed of a wild-type IL-2 fused via proprietary cleavable linkers to an inactivation domain and to a half-life extension domain. In the circulation and in normal tissues, WTX-124 is designed to remain inactive and not bind to high- (αβγ) and intermediate-affinity (βγ) IL-2 receptors. In contrast, proteolytic activation of WTX-124 in the tumor microenvironment (TME) is expected to liberate the IL-2 cytokine to stimulate antitumor immune responses. Preclinical data show that WTX-124 is activated by a range of dissociated human tumors in vitro but not by normal human cells or by patient serum. Moreover, WTX-124 demonstrates potent antitumor activity in multiple murine syngeneic tumor models with substantial expansion and activation of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes. In the MC38 model, WTX-124 has a large therapeutic window of >19-fold compared to ~3-fold for recombinant human IL-2.

Methods: This first-in-human, open-label phase 1/1b trial is investigating the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, immunogenicity, and antitumor activity of WTX-124 administered as a monotherapy or in combination with the anti-PD-1 antibody pembrolizumab to patients with advanced or metastatic solid tumors (NCT05479812). All patients must have ≥ 1 measurable lesion per RECIST 1.1 and a tumor type for which immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapy is indicated. Dose escalation uses a modified toxicity probability interval-2 study design with WTX-124 administered intravenously (IV) every two weeks in 28-day cycles. If the safety of WTX-124 as a monotherapy is established in the first three cohorts, the study will then initiate dose escalation of WTX-124 in combination with pembrolizumab 400mg IV every six weeks. Dose expansion is anticipated to include four arms that will enroll patients with either advanced or metastatic cutaneous melanoma or renal cell carcinoma to receive WTX-124 monotherapy or combination therapy (N=20 patients per arm). Patients with melanoma assigned to the WTX-124/pembrolizumab combination arm may be naïve to all prior systemic therapy for advanced disease, but all other patients in expansion must have previously received a standard of care ICI regimen. Pre- and on-treatment tumor biopsies, archival tumor tissue, and blood samples will be used to investigate multiple exploratory biomarkers. As of January 12, 2023, WTX-124 monotherapy dose escalation is proceeding.

Citation Format: Ildefonso Ismael Rodriguez-Rivera, Justin C. Moser, Mateusz Opyrchal, Brendan Curti, Mehmet A. Bilen, Saero Park, Marissa Bruno, Paul Windt, Kulandayan K. Subramanian, Sameer S. Chopra, Randi Isaacs. Trial in progress: a multicenter phase 1/1b dose escalation study of WTX-124 as a monotherapy and in combination with pembrolizumab in patients with selected advanced or metastatic solid tumors [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2023; Part 2 (Clinical Trials and Late-Breaking Research); 2023 Apr 14-19; Orlando, FL. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2023;83(8_Suppl):Abstract nr CT133.

Clinical Institute



Earle A. Chiles Research Institute




Rodriguez- Rivera I, Moser J, Opyruchal M, Curti B, Bilen M, Park S, Bruno M, Windt P, Subramanian K, Chopra S, Isaacs R.