CT275 / 15 - Phase 1 clinical update of allogeneic invariant natural killer T cells (iNKTs), agenT-797, alone or in combination with pembrolizumab or nivolumab in patients with advanced solid tumors
AACR Annual Meeting April 14-19; Orlando, FL. 2023: CT275.
Introduction: AgenT-797 is an allogeneic iNKT cell therapy and represents a novel, scalable, off-the-shelf approach against solid tumors. iNKTs are a unique subset of T cells, that mediate antitumor responses by direct killing, targeting CD1d and other ligands in the tumor microenvironment, and by activating host immune cells. We conducted a clinical trial to investigate agenT-797 activity as single agent and in combination (combo) with PD-1 blockade after prior progression on PD-1 therapy.
Methods: Patients (pts) with relapsed or refractory solid tumors were treated with single IV infusion of agenT-797 (no lymphodepletion) at 4.3 x 10^6 or 1.4 x 10^7 cells/kg, as monotherapy or in combo with pembrolizumab (pembro) or nivolumab (nivo). Dose escalation followed 3+3 scheme. Endpoints included safety, persistence of agenT-797, objective responses, duration of response, progression-free survival, and time to response. Adverse events (AEs) were reported per CTCAE v5.0. Dose limiting toxicities (DLTs) were evaluated. AgenT-797 persistence was assessed by assays utilizing SNPs and cfDNA analysis. Serum biomarkers were measured with MSD V-PLEX cytokine assays. On-treatment tumor biopsy was obtained for multiplex immunofluorescence staining and next generation sequencing.
Results: As of February 5th, 32 pts (median age 62y, range 30-83) were treated with agenT-797 monotherapy (n=26) or combo (n=6) with pembro or nivo. Pts had median 4 lines of prior therapy (range 1-13). Tumor types included pancreatic (6), NSCLC (4), rectal (4), cholangiocarcinoma/biliary duct (4), and other (14)*. Tolerability was favorable, with no cytokine release syndrome, neurotoxicity, and no DLTs. Treatment-related AEs included 16.7% (5) grade 1, 3.3% (1) grade 2, and 3.3% (1) grade 3 (anemia). At data cutoff, agenT-797 monotherapy and combo revealed early clinical activity. Among 29 evaluable pts, a confirmed partial response in MSI-H gastric cancer refractory to PD-1 treated with agenT-797 + nivo (remains ongoing >6 months) and 8 pts had stable disease (SD). Prolonged SD (>3 months) for 3 monotherapy pts. Overall response rate 20% (1/5) for pts treated with agenT-797 + pembro or nivo. AgenT-797 was detected in peripheral blood up to day 8 post infusion. Preliminary data identified transient increase in serum IFNgamma levels day 2 post infusion.
Conclusion: AgenT-797 was well tolerated as monotherapy and in combo with PD-1 (pembro or nivo). Anti-tumor activity in combo with nivo was observed in gastric cancer. Results support the potential of a novel therapeutic strategy employed by agenT-797 to enhance antitumor immunity in PD-1 refractory tumors. Enrollment ongoing and correlative studies will be presented. *PD-1 refractory NSCLC, pancreatic, rectal, cholangiocarcinoma, cervical, gastric, ocular melanoma, renal, and upper tract urothelial
Earle A. Chiles Research Institute
Carneiro, B, "CT275 / 15 - Phase 1 clinical update of allogeneic invariant natural killer T cells (iNKTs), agenT-797, alone or in combination with pembrolizumab or nivolumab in patients with advanced solid tumors" (2023). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 7753.