Abstract: 927 Streamlining Cancer Immunotherapy Research with the CRI IAtlas Data Resource and Web Portal
Journal of ImmunoTherapy of Cancer
Background With the increased volume of genomics data from studies involving treatment with immune checkpoint inhibition (ICI) and other immunotherapies, researchers remain unable to to make full use of results due to lack of comprehensive access to data or th ability to compare outcomes across datasets.The Cancer Research Institute (CRI) iAtlas1 (www.cri-iatlas.org) is a comprehensive web platform for interactive data exploration and discovery in immuno-oncology, originating in a study by The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA).1–3 iAtlas provides topic-oriented analysis modules, each generating visualizations and statistics for studying interactions between tumors and the immune microenvironment (figure 1).
Methods Immunogenomic features from 15 ICI trials encompassing 1,142 samples were processed with a standardized bioinformatics workflow4 and incorporated into iAtlas, augmenting the 11,535 patient samples from TCGA1–3 and the Pan-Cancer Analysis of Whole Genomes5 consortia. A compendium of in-development immunotherapy drug targets6 and results of a study of germline genetic contribution to immune response in cancer7 were included. For efficient access, all data were incorporated into a relational database, and programmatic access was made available through an application programming interface (API) (figure 2). The set of available iAtlas modules was vastly extended, and numerous improvements were made to the codebase. Users can now define sample cohorts and sample groups based on any available categorical or numerical variable.
Results iAtlas provides 17 interactive analysis modules (table 1) to explore immune-cancer interactions, immunotherapy treatment, and outcomes in 12,677 patient samples. Six modules are dedicated to ICI studies: dataset overview, immune readouts, immunomodulators, clinical outcome, regression analysis, and a machine learning module to enable identification of factors associated with response to therapy (figure 3). We added modules to explore how germline variation and copy number alterations relate to immune response, and how receptor-ligand interactions mediate interactions among tumor and immune cells (figure 4). Docker images using Common Workflow Language descriptors are provided so that researchers can run iAtlas workflows on their own data. Computational notebooks are provided to illustrate and explain iAtlas code, plots, and functionality and to facilitate integration of iAtlas data with data sourced from a researcher’s own study.
Conclusions iAtlas serves as a repository and resource for harmonized data on immune response in cancer and response to immunotherapy. iAtlas enables researchers to readily test hypotheses and access data through multiple modalities: an interactive web portal, data download, tools,8 and computational workflows and notebooks.
Acknowledgements This work is supported by the Cancer Research Institute. We thank Allison Kudla, Institute for Systems Biology, for generating the illustration used in the Cell-Interaction Diagram module and for web design and implementation.
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Thorsson, Vésteinn; Heimann, Carolina; Lamb, Andrew; Gibbs, David L; Bortone, Dante; Dexheimer, Sarah; Vensko, Steven; Chae, Yooree; Shmulevich, Ilya; Vincent, Benjamin; and Eddy, James, "Abstract: 927 Streamlining Cancer Immunotherapy Research with the CRI IAtlas Data Resource and Web Portal" (2023). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 7794.