Integrating STEADI for Falls Prevention in Outpatient Rehabilitation Clinics: An Outcomes Evaluation Using the RE-AIM Framework.

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

The Gerontologist


balance; implementation science; injury prevention; oregon


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The RE-AIM (Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance) framework was used to describe implementation of the Stopping Elderly Accidents, Deaths, and Injuries (STEADI) Initiative (years 2018-2021) for screening and assessing all older adults > 65 years for falls risk across 34 outpatient rehabilitation clinics within a large health system.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We described the Implementation process and strategies. Using Electronic Health Records (EHR), we identified Reach, Adoption, and Maintenance of screenings and physical assessments to identify fall risk among older adults.

RESULTS: STEADI Implementation strategies included health system mandates, EHR revisions, email instructions, educational sessions and resources, clinical leads and champions, and chart audits. Reach: 76.4% (50,023) had a completed screening, and 44.1% screened at-risk for falls. Adoption: Clinic-level adoption varied, with most performing screenings. Profession-level adoption was highest for physical therapists (PTs) (94.2% initiated, 80.6% completed) and lowest for speech-language pathologists (SLPs; 79.8% initiated, 55.9% completed). Reach and Adoption of functional outcomes measures (FOM): PTs completed aFOM on 59.5% of at-risk patients, occupational therapists on 11.6%, and SLPs on 7.9%. Maintenance: All measures declined 1-10% annually between 2018-2021.

DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS: STEADI screening and FOMs were implemented system-wide in 34 outpatient rehabilitation clinics, reaching over 50,000 older adults. Screening adoption rates varied by clinic. PTs had the highest adoption rate. All adoption rates declined over time. Future research should consider an implementation science approach with input from key partners before implementation to identify barriers and develop strategies to support STEADI in outpatient rehabilitation.

Clinical Institute

Orthopedics & Sports Medicine


Physical Therapy