Incorporating Evidence and Guidelines for Personalized Care of Diabetes and Chronic Kidney Disease.

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Seminars in nephrology


washington; spokane; pmrc


Chronic kidney disease (CKD) represents a particularly challenging diabetes complication. Diabetes now is responsible for half of all cases of CKD, thus making diabetes the most common cause of kidney failure worldwide. In patients with diabetes, CKD frequently coexists with heart failure and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, which together are associated with marked increases in the risk of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. Fortunately, new therapeutic agents from several classes now are available with proven benefits for kidney and heart protection when used in patients with type 2 diabetes and CKD. Agents from the sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitor, glucagon-like peptide-1-receptor agonist, and nonsteroidal mineralocorticoid-receptor antagonist classes now are considered standard of care to improve kidney, heart, and overall survival outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes. Efforts to educate health care providers on the benefits of these therapies are critically needed to help increase their utilization and improve clinical outcomes. Care decisions should be driven by a holistic view of patient priorities and goals with consideration of a multimodal therapeutic approach to maximize heart and kidney benefits.

Clinical Institute

Kidney & Diabetes