Arterial Bypass in the Treatment of Complex Middle Cerebral Artery Aneurysms: Lessons Learned from Forty Patients.

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

World Neurosurg


california; pni


OBJECTIVE: Complex middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms incorporating parent or branching vessels are often not amenable to standard microsurgical clipping or endovascular embolization treatments. We aim to discuss the treatment of such aneurysms via a combination of surgical revascularization and aneurysm exclusion based on our institutional experience.

METHODS: Thirty-four patients with complex MCA aneurysms were treated with bypass and aneurysm occlusion, 5 with surgical clipping or wrapping only, and 1 with aneurysm excision and primary reanastomosis. Bypasses included superficial temporal artery (STA)-MCA, double-barrel STA-MCA, occipital artery-MCA, and external carotid artery-MCA. After bypass, aneurysms were treated by surgical clipping, Hunterian ligation, trapping, or coil embolization.

RESULTS: The average age at diagnosis was 46 years. Of the aneurysms, 67% were large and most involved the MCA bifurcation. Most bypasses performed were STA-MCA bypasses, 12 of which were double-barrel. There were 2 wound-healing complications. All but 2 of the aneurysms treated showed complete occlusion at the last follow-up. There were 3 hemorrhagic complications, 3 graft thromboses, and 4 ischemic insults. The mean follow-up was 73 months. Of patients, 83% reported stable or improved symptoms from presentation and 73% reported a functional status (Glasgow Outcome Scale score 4 or 5) at the latest available follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS: Cerebral revascularization by bypass followed by aneurysm or parent artery occlusion is an effective treatment option for complex MCA aneurysms that cannot be safely treated by standard microsurgical or endovascular techniques. Double-barrel bypass consisting of 2 STA branches to 2 MCA branches yields adequate flow replacement in most cases.

Clinical Institute

Neurosciences (Brain & Spine)

Clinical Institute

Cardiovascular (Heart)