Maternal and Neonatal Outcomes of Gunshot Wounds in Pregnancy: A Systematic Review of Case Reports.

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

The American surgeon


OBGYN; gunshot wounds; pregnancy; trauma acute care; washington; swedish


A systematic review was performed to compare adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes among pregnant patients with gunshot wounds (GSW) to the abdominopelvic vs other region(s) at > 20 weeks gestation. A search of Medline Ovid, Elsevier Embase, EBSCO CINAHL, and Cochrane Library in July 2022 and reference searches resulted in 1742 studies, which were screened. The 41 included studies reported outcomes for 59 pregnant patients with GSW, of which 31 (52.5%) had an isolated abdominopelvic GSW and 28 (47.5%) had an extremity, thorax, head/neck, back/spine, poly-site, or other/unknown GSW. Stillbirth occurred in 26.7% of abdominopelvic GSW and 26% of non-abdominopelvic GSW. Maternal death occurred in 3.7% of abdominopelvic GSW and 10.7% of non-abdominopelvic GSW. Neonatal death occurred in 9.1% of abdominopelvic GSW and 5.3% of non-abdominopelvic GSW. Further research is needed to standardize the approach for the evaluation and management of patients with GSW in pregnancy.

Clinical Institute

Women & Children


Obstetrics & Gynecology


Family Medicine