TN-RS: a novel scoring system predicts Gamma Knife Radiosurgery outcome for trigeminal neuralgia patients.

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Acta neurochirurgica


Humans; Trigeminal Neuralgia; Retrospective Studies; Radiosurgery; Treatment Outcome; Pain; Follow-Up Studies; Radiosurgery; Risk factors; Trigeminal neuralgia; washington; swedish; swedish neurosci


BACKGROUND: Gamma Knife Radiosurgery (GKRS) is an effective treatment option for medically refractory trigeminal neuralgia (TN). This study examines GKRS outcome in a large cohort of TN patients and highlights pretreatment factors associated with pain relief.

METHODS: This is a single-center retrospective analysis of patients treated with GKRS for TN between 2011 and 2019. Pain relief was assessed at 1 year, and 2-3 years following GKRS. Multivariable analysis identified several factors that predicted pain relief. These predicting factors were applied to establish a pain relief scoring system.

RESULTS: A total of 162 patients met inclusion criteria. At 1 year post-GKRS, the breakdown of Barrow Neurological Institute (BNI) score for pain relief was as follows: 77 (48%) score of I, 13 (8%) score of II, 37 (23%) score of III, 22 (14%) score of IV, and 13 (8%) score of V. Factors that were significantly associated with pain-free outcome at 1 year were: Typical form of TN (OR = 2.2 [1.1, 4.9], p = 0.049), No previous microvascular decompression (OR = 4.4 [1.6, 12.5], p = 0.005), Response to medical therapy (OR = 2.7 [1.1, 6.1], p = 0.018), and Seniority > 60 years (OR = 2.8 [1.4, 5.5], p = 0.003). The term "Trigeminal Neuralgia-RadioSurgery" was used to create the TN-RS acronym representing the significant factors. A stepwise increase in the median predicted probability of pain-free outcome at 1 year from 3% for patients with a score of 0 to 69% for patients with a maximum score of 4.

CONCLUSION: The TN-RS scoring system can assist clinicians in identifying patients that may benefit from GNRS for TN by predicting 1-year pain-free outcomes.

Clinical Institute

Neurosciences (Brain & Spine)