Neoadjuvant HER2-targeted Therapy +/- Immunotherapy with Pembrolizumab (neoHIP): An Open Label Randomized Phase II Trial

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oregon; chiles


Background: Immune checkpoint inhibition (ICI) is synergistic with HER2-directed therapy in pre-clinical models. Clinically, pembrolizumab (K)-mediated ICI plus HER2-directed therapy with trastuzumab (H) was safe and demonstrated modest activity in H-resistant HER2-positive (HER2+) metastatic breast cancer. Because ICI may confer more robust activity when administered earlier in the course of disease, H and K administered in the curative-intent, treatment-naive setting may allow for de-escalation of cytotoxics; confer life-long, tumor-specific immunity; and ultimately, improve cure rates. Moreover, the synergy of H and K with paclitaxel (T) may overcome the need for dual HER2-blockade with H plus pertuzumab (P). In this randomized, multicenter, phase II, open-label trial the efficacy and safety of neoadjuvant THP vs THP-K vs TH-K are explored. Methods: Patients (pts) ≥18y with previously untreated, stage II-III, HER2+ breast cancer are being randomized and stratified by clinical nodal status (positive vs. negative) and hormone receptor status (positive vs. negative). In arm A, pts receive T at 80mg/m2 weekly for 12 weeks, H at 8mg/Kg (loading dose) and then 6mg/Kg every 3 weeks x 3 doses, P at 840 mg (loading dose) and then 420mg/Kg every 3 weeks x 3 doses (THP). In arm B, pts receive THP plus K at 200mg every 3 weeks x 4 doses (THP-K). In arm C, pts receive TH-K. After enrollment of 22 pts to arm C, a prespecified interim efficacy analysis was conducted, and enrollment to this arm was subsequently terminated. Enrollment to the other arms continues with 32/58 pts enrolled to arm A and 33/58 pts enrolled to arm B as of 2/14/2023. Definitive surgery is 3-6 weeks after the last dose. After surgery, pts are treated per the treating physician’s discretion per local clinical standard. The primary end point is pathologic complete response (pCR) rate in the breast and axilla (ypT0/Tis ypN0). Secondary end points include pCR rate by ypT0ypN0 and ypT0/Tis, residual cancer burden index, event free survival, breast conserving surgery rate, safety and overall survival. Exploratory correlative studies will characterize potential immune biomarkers predictive of efficacy and/or toxicity. Funding sources: BCRF, Merck

Clinical Institute


Clinical Institute

Women & Children




McArthur H, Leal JHS, Chan I, Unni N, Shiao S, Gruber J, Syed S, Peswani N, Sadeghi N, Delgado G, Klemow D, Basho R, Carter M, Badran M, Qureshi N, Curtin J, Weese J, Rice S, Phillips M, Chan D, Hool H, Park D, El-Masry M, McAndrew P, Sikaria S, Spring L, Bardia A, Tighiouart M, Dadmanesh F, Giuliano A, Sanchez K, Page D. SABCS Annual Meeting; December 5-9; San Antonio, TX. 2023: PO5-19-08.

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