Effectiveness of Tofacitinib in Patients Initiating Therapy for Psoriatic Arthritis: Results from the CorEvitas Psoriatic Arthritis/Spondyloarthritis Registry.

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Rheumatol Ther


Effectiveness; Psoriatic arthritis; Tofacitinib; swedish; washington


INTRODUCTION: Randomized controlled trials have demonstrated tofacitinib efficacy for psoriatic arthritis (PsA); however, real-world effectiveness data are limited. This real-world analysis assessed baseline demographics/disease characteristics and tofacitinib effectiveness in patients with PsA in the CorEvitas PsA/Spondyloarthritis Registry.

METHODS: This study (NCT05195814) included patients with PsA initiating tofacitinib from December 2017-December 2021, as monotherapy or with oral small molecules (methotrexate/leflunomide/sulfasalazine/apremilast), pre-existing use, or initiated concurrently.

OUTCOMES: mean change from baseline in disease activity/patient-reported outcomes, proportion of patients achieving low disease activity (LDA)/remission at 6 ± 3 months, and discontinuation rates.

RESULTS: Of 222 patients with PsA who initiated tofacitinib (60.8% as monotherapy), 123 patients had 6 ± 3 months of follow-up. At initiation, 59.7% were female, 92.3% were White, mean age was 56.3 years, PsA duration since diagnosis was 8.2 years, and 25.7% were biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (bDMARD)-naïve. Improvements to 6 ± 3 months were observed with tofacitinib for Clinical Disease Activity Index for PsA (cDAPSA), DAPSA, PsA Disease Activity Score (PASDAS), Clinical Disease Activity Index, body surface area (BSA), tender/swollen joint count, patient fatigue, pain, Patient Global Skin Assessment, and Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index. At 6 ± 3 months, 25.0%/7.8% of patients treated with tofacitinib achieved cDAPSA-defined LDA/remission, 18.2% achieved minimal disease activity, 30.8% had PASDAS ≤ 3.2, 42.9%/29.4% had resolved enthesitis/dactylitis, and 22.5% achieved BSA = 0%. Tofacitinib discontinuation occurred in 51.2% of patients (51.6% of monotherapy initiators) at/prior to 6 ± 3 months (27.6%/23.6%), 57.1% of whom switched to tumor necrosis factor/interleukin-17 inhibitors. Reasons for discontinuation were not reported in 85.3%/79.3% of patients who discontinued at/prior to 6 ± 3 months.

CONCLUSIONS: This real-world US cohort analysis described patients with PsA newly initiating tofacitinib; most were bDMARD-experienced or receiving monotherapy treatment. In patients who remained on therapy (48.8%), tofacitinib was effective across multiple PsA domains at 6 ± 3 months. Limitations included small patient numbers at follow-up and potential selection bias.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier, NCT05195814.

Clinical Institute

Orthopedics & Sports Medicine