A real-world study of treatment sequences and second-line clinical outcomes in patients with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer in US community practice.

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International journal of clinical oncology / Japan Society of Clinical Oncology


Epidemiology; HER2-directed therapy; Metastatic breast cancer; Real-world.; washington; swedish; swedish cancer


PURPOSE: Standard-of-care for HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer (HER2 + mBC) patients consists of trastuzumab ± pertuzumab with chemotherapy in first-line (1L), and ado-trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) or the more recently approved trastuzumab deruxtecan (T-DXd) in second-line (2L). Contemporary data on treatment sequencing and real-world effectiveness is limited. This study aims to report 2L treatments and outcomes among HER2 + mBC patients in the United States (US).

METHODS: HER2 + mBC patients initiating 2L treatment (index date) between January 2014 and February 2021 were identified from the Syapse Learning Health Network (LHN) database. Summary statistics for patient characteristics, treatment received, reasons for 2L discontinuation and time to 2L-clinical outcomes are reported.

RESULTS: Of the 312 patients initiating 2L treatment, had a median age of 59 years (interquartile range [IQR], 50-66) at the start of 2L. The majority were white (69%) and had de novo mBC (62%). Top three 2L regimens included T-DM1 ± endocrine therapy (29%), trastuzumab/pertuzumab/taxane (10%) and T-DM1/trastuzumab (8%). Around 88% discontinued 2L and 63% received subsequent treatment. Median time-to-next-treatment was 10.6 months (95% CI, 8.8-13.3) and real-world progression-free-survival was 7.9 months (95% CI, 7.0-9.9). Among 274 patients who discontinued 2L, 47% discontinued due to progression and 17% because of intolerance/toxicity, respectively.

CONCLUSION: This real-world US study showed that approximately two-thirds of 2L patients received subsequent therapy and disease progression was the most common reason for 2L discontinuation highlighting the need for timely 2L treatment with the most efficacious drug to allow patients to achieve longer treatment duration and delayed progression.

Clinical Institute


Clinical Institute

Women & Children