NK-92MI Cells Engineered with Anti-claudin-6 Chimeric Antigen Receptors in Immunotherapy for Ovarian Cancer.

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Int J Biol Sci


oregon; chiles; Humans; Animals; Mice; Female; Receptors, Chimeric Antigen; Ovarian Neoplasms; Cell Line, Tumor; Apoptosis; NK Cell Lectin-Like Receptor Subfamily K; CD28 Antigens; Killer Cells, Natural; Immunotherapy; Immunotherapy, Adoptive; Claudins


Background: The application of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) NK cells in solid tumors is hindered by lack of tumor-specific targets and inefficient CAR-NK cell efficacy. Claudin-6 (CLDN6) has been reported to be overexpressed in ovarian cancer and may be an attractive target for CAR-NK cells immunotherapy. However, the feasibility of using anti-CLDN6 CAR-NK cells to treat ovarian cancer remains to be explored. Methods: CLDN6 expression in primary human ovarian cancer, normal tissues and cell lines were detected by immunohistochemistry and western blot. Two types of third-generation CAR NK-92MI cells targeting CLDN6, CLDN6-CAR1 NK-92MI cells with domains containing self-activated elements (NKG2D, 2B4) and CLDN6-CAR2 NK-92MI cells with classical domains (CD28, 4-1BB) were constructed by lentivirus transfection, sorted by flow cytometry and verified by western blot and qPCR. OVCAR-3, SK-OV-3, A2780, Hey and PC-3 cells expressing the GFP and luciferase genes were transduced. Subcutaneous and intraperitoneal tumor models were established via NSG mice. The ability of CLDN6-CAR NK cells to kill CLDN6-positive ovarian cancer cells were evaluated in vitro and in vivo by live cell imaging and bioluminescence imaging. Results: Both CLDN6-CAR1 and CLDN6-CAR2 NK-92MI cells could specifically killed CLDN6-positive ovarian cancer cells (OVCAR-3, SK-OV-3, A2780 and Hey), rather than CLDN6 negative cell (PC-3), in vitro. CLDN6-CAR1 NK-92MI cells with domains containing self-activated elements (NKG2D, 2B4) exhibited stronger cytotoxicity than CLDN6-CAR2 NK-92MI cells with classical domains (CD28, 4-1BB). Furthermore, CLDN6-CAR1 NK cells could effectively eliminate ovarian cancer cells in subcutaneous and intraperitoneal tumor models. More importantly, CAR-NK cells combined with immune checkpoint inhibitors, anti-PD-L1, could synergistically enhance the antitumor efficacy of CLDN6-targeted CAR-NK cells. Conclusions: These results indicate that CLDN6-CAR NK cells possess strong antitumor activity and represent a promising immunotherapeutic modality for ovarian cancer.

Keywords: Claudin-6; NK cells; PD-1; PD-L1; chimeric antigen receptor; ovarian cancer.

Clinical Institute

Women & Children

Clinical Institute



Obstetrics & Gynecology