Adoption and clinical outcomes of fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair in a regional, multistate community hospital system.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

3-1-2024

Publication Title

Journal of vascular surgery : official publication, the Society for Vascular Surgery [and] International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery, North American Chapter

Keywords

oregon; cards; cards publication

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Complex endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair techniques have evolved over the last decade, yet patterns of physician and hospital system adoption of fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (FEVAR) remain poorly defined. We investigated clinical outcomes, use trends, and surgeon and hospital experience for FEVAR in a large community hospital system.

METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all FEVAR procedures within our 5-state hospital system between April 2012 and June 2021. AAA repair volumes (open, EVAR, and FEVAR) were captured at the hospital and surgeon levels using Current Procedural Terminology and International Classification of Diseases codes. Clinical and outcomes data were collected for FEVAR patients. To consider if surgeon or hospital experience influenced outcomes, sequential case number was used to divide patients into surgeon experience and hospital experience groups. Inverse probability weighted and generalized linear mixed models, adjusted for demographics and comorbidities, were built to examine risk-adjusted outcomes for surgeon and hospital experience groups.

RESULTS: Of 3850 patients treated with AAA procedures of any kind between 2012 and 2021, 160 (4.2%) underwent FEVAR. FEVAR procedures were performed by 34 different surgeons at 12 hospitals, with intraoperative complications and unplanned adjunctive procedures occurring in 18.8% (n = 30) and 19.4% (n = 31) of patients, respectively. Among FEVAR patients, in-hospital mortality was 1.3% (n = 2) and postoperative morbidity was 16.9% (n = 27). Renal function decline occurred postoperatively in 5.1% of patients. Early (<30 >day) postoperative endoleaks occurred in 15.3% of patients (n = 21). Target vessel patency was 95.6% on initial postoperative imaging. Surgeon and hospital experience had a small positive impact on outcomes after the first one to three cases. Significant decreases in operative time, fluoroscopy time, and estimated blood loss were observed with increased surgeon experience, relative to a surgeon's first case (P < .05). There were lower odds of intraoperative complications after a surgeon's first case (odds ratio [OR], 0.16; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.03-0.77, for cases 2-3) or after a hospital's first one to three cases (OR, 0.19; 95% CI, 0.04-0.89, for cases 4-8; OR, 0.12; 95% CI, 0.03-0.55 for cases 9-49).

CONCLUSIONS: Clinical outcomes of FEVAR across our hospital system compare favorably with previously published reports. Although system-wide FEVAR adoption increased 3-fold over the last decade, FEVAR continued to be performed by a minority of hospitals in our system. The results from this cohort demonstrate low rates of adverse events, high rates of technical efficiency, and a small impact of surgeon and hospital experience, thereby supporting this advanced endovascular technology as a safe, efficacious, and generalizable treatment alternative to open repair for patients with complex aortic anatomy.

Clinical Institute

Cardiovascular (Heart)

Department

Cardiology

Department

Hospital Medicine

Department

Surgery

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