Human-in-the-loop informed deep learning rectal tumor segmentation on pre-treatment MRI

Document Type

Presentation

Publication Date

4-3-2024

Publication Title

Proceedings Volume 12927, Medical Imaging 2024: Computer-Aided Diagnosis; 1292707

Keywords

oregon; chiles

Abstract

Precise segmentation of rectal cancer tumors on routine MRI is critical for accurate clinical staging and downstream computational analyses. While deep learning-based segmentation algorithms have shown much promise in automating the otherwise tedious, subjective, and costly process of manual segmentation, they require significant amounts of manually annotated data for training. To address these limitations of deep learning-based segmentation models, we present a novel deep learning framework that incorporates human-in-the-loop (HITL) refinement to automatically delineate rectal tumors on multi-plane pre-treatment MR imaging. When evaluated on multiple holdout validation cohorts including a clinical trial dataset, the post-HITL segmentation model significantly outperformed the pre-HITL model with median dice similarity coefficient of 0.763 and Hausdorff distance of 28.4mm in comparison to 0.601 and 31.8mm, respectively. HITL refinement learning also significantly accelerated the manual annotation process by 20 minutes. HITL learning represents a feasible, effective, and efficient solution to semi-automated tumor segmentation on routine rectal cancer MRI scans.

Clinical Institute

Cancer

Clinical Institute

Digestive Health

Department

Oncology

Department

Gastroenterology

Department

Surgery


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